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Australian Seasonal Vegetable Sowing Guide

Best Time to Sow (Australia) Sowing
Depth(mm)
Row
Spacing(cm)
Plant
spacing(cm)
Germination
time
(days)
Days to
maturity
Cool
Climate
Moderate/
Temperate
Climate
Warm/
Subtropical
Climate
Tropical
Climate
Artichoke Sep-Nov Aug-Nov Aug-Nov Feb-Aug ↓6 ≡150-250 ↔150-200 15-25 290-400
Bean,
Broad
Mar-May,
Aug-Sep
Mar-Jul Mar-Jun Apr-Jun ↓40-50 ≡60-80 ↔15-25 10-20 90-150
Bean,
Climbing
Oct-Dec Sep-Jan Aug-Apr Feb-Oct ↓20-30 ≡100 ↔10-25 7-15 70-85
Beetroot Sep-Apr Jul-Apr Feb-Oct Mar-Jun ↓20-30 ≡30-40 ↔5-10 15-25 55-85
Broccoli Nov-Mar Sep-Apr Feb-Jun Mar-Jun ↓6 ≡40-60 ↔35-45 15-25 60-120
Brussels
Sprouts
Oct-Feb Dec-Apr Feb-Jun Feb-Apr ↓6 ≡90 ↔50-75 6-12 80-140
Cabbage Aug-Apr Jun-Apr All year Feb-Nov ↓6 ≡50-70 ↔40-50 6-12 60-120
Cabbage,
Chinese
Aug-Mar Jul-Aug All year Feb-Nov ↓6 ≡40 ↔30 6-12 60-80
Capsicum Sep-Nov Aug-Dec Aug-Mar All year ↓4 ≡80-100 ↔40-60 10-20 70-110
Carrot Aug-Mar Sep-May Feb-Nov Feb-Sep ↓4 ≡25-30 ↔3-8 10-20 70-120
Cauliflower Nov-Apr Dec-Apr Jan-May Jan-Apr ↓6 ≡75-90 ↔45-70 6-12 100-160
Celery Sep-Dec Sep-Feb Mar-Oct Apr-Sep ↓4 ≡30-55 ↔15-30 15-25 120-140
Chilli Sep-Nov Aug-Dec Jul-Mar All year ↓4 ≡80-100 ↔40-60 10-20 60-110
Corn,
Sweet
Oct-Jan Sep-Jan Aug-Feb All year ↓15-25 ≡50-90 ↔20-30 6-12 80-120
Cucumber Oct-Dec Sep-Feb July-Mar Feb-Sep ↓10 ≡100-120 ↔40-60 10-15 60-90
Eggplant Oct-Dec Sep-Feb Aug-Marr All year ↓4 ≡80-90 ↔50-75 10-20 90-120
Endive Sep-Nov,
Feb-Mar
Aug-Nov,
Feb-Apr
Mar-Jul Apr-Jul ↓5 ≡20-30 ↔20-30 10-20 50-80
Kale Sep-Nov Aug-Nov Mar-Jun Apr-Aug ↓10 ≡50-100 ↔40-60 6-12 50-70
Leek Sep-Apr Aug-Apr Jan-May Feb-May ↓4 ≡30-40 ↔10-20 10-20 90-140
Lettuce Sep-May All year All year Apr-Nov ↓5 ≡20-30 ↔20-30 6-12 60-90
Mizuna Aug-Mar Jul-Aug All year All year ↓6 ≡20-30 ↔20-30 6-12 35-50
Mustard All year All year All year All year ↓6 ≡40-60 ↔30-40 6-12 30-60
Parsnip Aug-Feb Jul-Mar Feb-Sep Mar-Aug ↓5 ≡35-50 ↔5-10 20-30 120-140
Pea Jan-Oct Feb-Sep Mar-Jul Mar-Jun ↓20-30 ≡40-60 ↔5-10 8-16 165-90
Radish Aug-Jun All year All year All year ↓15 ≡20-30 ↔3-7 5-10 40-60
Radicchio Sep-Nov,
Feb-Mar
Aug-Nov,
Feb-Mar
Mar-Oct N/A ↓4 ≡30-40 ↔30-40 6-12 30-60
Silverbeet Sep-Apr Sep-May All year Mar-Sep ↓10 ≡60 ↔20-35 10-20 50-90
Spinach Feb-Nov Feb-Sep Mar-Jul Apr-Jun ↓8 ≡40-50 ↔25-35 10-25 50-70
Sprouting,
Broccoli
Sep-Nov,
Jan-Apr
Jan-Apr Jan-May Feb-Apr ↓10 ≡30-50 ↔25-35 6-12 70-90
Tomato Sep-Dec Aug-Dec Aug-Mar Feb-Jul ↓5 ≡50-70 ↔40-60 10-20 80-120
Zucchini Sep-Dec Sep-Jan Aug-Feb Feb-Sep ↓15-20 ≡80-120 ↔50-80 6-12 50-100

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