What is IPM?
IPM stands for Integrated Pest Management. It is a sustainable and environmentally friendly approach to managing pests that aims to minimize the use of chemical pesticides. The approach involves a combination of strategies such as cultural, mechanical, biological, and chemical controls to effectively manage pest populations.
In Australia, IPM is widely adopted in the agriculture industry, with some of the best IPM practices including:
Crop rotation and use of resistant varieties: This involves planting different crops in a sequence and selecting crop varieties that are resistant to pests.
Biological control: The use of natural enemies such as predators, parasites, and pathogens to control pests. This includes the use of beneficial insects like ladybirds and lacewings to control aphids.
Monitoring and scouting: Regular monitoring of crops to detect pest problems early and taking appropriate actions to manage them.
Sanitation: Proper disposal of plant debris and cleaning of equipment to prevent the buildup of pest populations.
Chemical control: As a last resort, targeted and selective use of pesticides to manage pest populations.
Overall, the adoption of IPM practices has helped to reduce the impact of pests on agricultural production while minimizing the negative impact on human health and the environment.